Understanding Ergonomics Basics: What You Need to Know

Have you ever felt back pain, and a stiff neck while working remotely? If so, you may be thinking about making  your workspace more comfortable during long hours. This is when ergonomics basics come in handy.

In fact, ergonomics is essential to optimizing well-being and performance. As you learn ergonomics basics through this article, your workspace and health will definitely improve. Let’s dive in. 

Basic Definition of Ergonomics

Ergonomics, derived from the Greek words "ergon," meaning work, and "nomos," meaning law, is the science of designing and arranging workspaces to fit the needs and capabilities of individuals. It aims to create a harmonious relationship between people and their environment, taking into account physical, cognitive, and organizational factors.

Applying ergonomics basics principles can optimize efficiency, comfort, and safety in various settings, such as offices, factories, and even your home.

Types of Ergonomics

Several types of ergonomics focus on different aspects of human interaction with objects and environments. Below are the 3 types of ergonomics:

Types of Ergonomics



Physical Ergonomics

Focuses on designing workspaces and tools to minimize physical strain and discomfort.

  1. Designing an adjustable office chair for proper posture. 
  2. Creating ergonomic keyboard layouts to reduce hand fatigue. 
  3. Setting up workstations at an optimal height to prevent further damage to musculoskeletal issues.

Cognitive Ergonomics

Concerned with optimizing mental processes like perception, memory, and attention to enhance overall performance.

  1. Simplifying software interfaces for easier user interaction. 
  2. Providing clear instructions to reduce cognitive load. 
  3. Using color-coding to improve information processing in educational materials.

Organizational Ergonomics

Examines how organizational structures and policies impact the well-being and productivity of individuals.

  1. Implementing flexible work hours to promote work-life balance. 
  2. Creating a supportive workplace culture to reduce stress. 
  3. Establishing clear communication channels for efficient information flow.

Significance of Ergonomics 

Learning ergonomics basics is essential for several reasons, and here's a simple breakdown:

Impact on Health and Well-Being

In the workplace or while doing any activity, this can have a big effect on how you feel and stay healthy. The following are some of the most important benefits of ergonomics:

  • Comfortable Body: Ergonomics helps set up things so your body stays comfy, reducing the chances of back pain or tiredness.
  • Less Stress: When your workspace is ergonomically friendly, it reduces stress on your body and mind, letting you concentrate better and enjoy what you do.
  • Preventing Aches: Proper ergonomics minimizes the risk of headaches, eye strain, and muscle aches, keeping you feeling good and energetic.

Enhancement of Productivity

Think of your desk, chair, and computer as a dream team that helps you get work done. This magic happens because ergonomics makes your workspace fit you like a glove, which makes it easier to get things done.

When your tools and workspace are ergonomically sound, you will have an easier time at work. The setup even minimizes unnecessary movements and discomfort, allowing you to focus on your work without distractions. 

Prevention of Workplace Injuries

Picture your workspace as a safety zone where you aren’t injured while working remotely and your well-being is a top priority. Ergonomics achieves this by meticulously arranging your tools and environment to minimize the risk of injuries. To help you learn more, here's how it happened:

  • Body-Friendly Setups: Ergonomics helps us set up our desks and chairs in ways that keep our bodies happy, reducing the chance of hurting our backs or necks.
  • Less Stress, More Comfort: By using ergonomics, we spread our workload evenly, so we're less likely to feel sore or tired after a long day of work.

What are the Most Common Injuries at Work Due to Poor Ergonomics?

Poor ergonomics or the improper design of workspaces and tools, can lead to various injuries. Here are some common injuries that can occur due to poor ergonomics:

1. Lower Back Pain

Lower back pain is one of the most common work-related injuries caused by poor ergonomics. It refers to pain or discomfort in the lower back area, often resulting from prolonged sitting, improper posture, or heavy lifting.

Signs of Lower Back Pain:

  • Persistent aches or pain in the lower back
  • Discomfort after sitting for a short period
  • Stiffness and difficulty moving after getting up from a chair
  • Sharp pain during specific movements, like bending or lifting
  • Tension or soreness in the muscles of the lower back
  • Radiating pain down into the legs or buttocks

2. Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome is a condition characterized by numbness, tingling, and weakness in the hand and fingers. It occurs when the median nerve runs through the wrist and becomes compressed or irritated due to repetitive hand movements or prolonged wrist pressure.

Signs of Carpal Tunnel Syndrome:

  • Tingling or numbness in the fingers, especially the thumb, index, and middle fingers
  • Hand weakness makes it challenging to grip objects
  • Burning sensation or pain in the palm
  • Fingers feel swollen, even if there's no visible swelling
  • Difficulty in distinguishing between hot and cold sensations
  • Increased discomfort during repetitive hand movements, like typing or using a mouse

3. Tendonitis

Tendonitis is the inflammation of a tendon, often caused by repetitive motions and overuse. Poor ergonomics can contribute to tendonitis in various body parts, such as the elbows, shoulders, and wrists.

Signs of Tendonitis:

  • Gradual onset of pain around joints, often increasing during work
  • Swelling or tenderness in the affected area, making it sensitive to touch
  • Difficulty moving the affected joint, especially during specific tasks
  • Warmth or redness around the affected area
  • Crepitus or crackling sounds when moving the joint

4. Tennis Elbow

Tennis elbow, or lateral epicondylitis, is a type of tendonitis characterized by pain and inflammation outside the elbow. It is often caused by repetitive movements, such as gripping or twisting.

Poor ergonomics, such as using tools or equipment that require excessive gripping or using them with improper technique, can contribute to tennis elbow.

Signs of Tennis Elbow:

  • Pain or burning sensation on the outer part of the elbow, especially during gripping activities
  • The affected arm's weakness makes it challenging to lift or carry objects
  • Increased pain when shaking hands or squeezing objects
  • Tenderness around the bony knob on the outer part of the elbow
  • Difficulty extending the forearm fully
  • Worsening discomfort during wrist and hand movements, such as typing or using tools

Economic Impact of Ergonomic Issues in the United States

Working in positions that are not neutral, also known as being unbalanced, can cause injuries to muscles, nerves, tendons, ligaments, joints, cartilage, and spinal discs. For instance, in the US, ergonomic issues cost over $45 billion annually. 

In a given year, WMSDs also lead to about 70 million visits to the doctor. As a result, this adds up to 130 million healthcare encounters, which include visits to the hospital, the emergency room, and outpatient clinics.

Due to their high treatment, payment, and lost work time costs, these disorders have a major financial impact on workers and their employers. 

Personal Ergonomics: How to Prevent Poor Ergonomics

Personal ergonomics basics is about setting up your workspace and adjusting your habits to prevent discomfort and injuries while working or performing daily tasks. Here's how to prevent poor ergonomics:

1. Posture and Positioning

To avoid the discomfort and potential injuries linked to poor ergonomics basics, focusing on your posture and positioning is essential. For example, in tennis elbow, where incorrect arm movements can cause pain, poor ergonomics can lead to various issues.

Here are some simple tips to maintain good posture and positioning:

  1. Spine Alignment: Sit or stand with your spine in its natural curve. Avoid slouching to prevent strain on your back and neck.
  2. Monitor Level: Position your computer monitor at eye level to reduce the need for tilting your head, preventing neck strain.
  3. Chair Support: Choose a chair that provides adequate support to your lower back. To stay stable, keep your feet flat on the ground.
  4. Position of Your Arms and Wrists: When you type or use a mouse, keep your arms close to your body.  A neutral position for your wrists will keep them from getting strained.
  5. Frequent Breaks: Take short breaks to stand, stretch, and move around. This helps prevent stiffness and promotes better blood circulation.
  6. Proper Keyboard Height: Adjust the height of your keyboard so that your elbows form a 90-degree angle when typing. This minimizes stress on your shoulders and arms.

2. Work Environment

To prevent poor ergonomics, it is essential to consider your work environment. This includes the products you use to support your body while working. By choosing the right products, you can ensure proper posture, reduce strain, and prevent discomfort or injury.

Below are some of the best ergonomic products you might consider as ergonomic items in the house:

Standing Desk

A standing desk allows you to switch between sitting and standing while working, reducing the strain on your back and improving blood circulation. It promotes a more dynamic and comfortable posture throughout the day.

Standing Desks Products

What We Like

BANTI Electric Standing Desk

  • Adjustable height
  • Quiet electric motor
  • Programmable presets

ClAIKS Electric Standing Desk

  • Sleek and modern design
  • Sturdy construction
  • Smooth height adjustment

FEZIBO Electric Standing Desk

  • Spacious desktop area
  • Easy assembly
  • Cable management features

Ergonomic Chair

Opt for a chair designed with ergonomics in mind. Adjustable height, comfortable padding, and lumbar support are desirable. If you know what to look for in ergonomic chair, it will help you maintain a natural and healthy sitting position, minimizing the risk of back pain and discomfort.

Ergonomic Chair Products

What We Like

Autonomous ErgoChair Pro

  • Adjustable lumbar support
  • Breathable mesh back
  • Customizable recline settings

QOR360 The Ariel

  • Promotes active sitting
  • Encourages natural movement
  • Stylish and modern design

Flash Furniture Mid-Back Office Chair

  • Affordable and budget-friendly
  • Padded seat and back for comfort
  • Suitable for home or office use

3. Lifestyle Aspects

Creating a healthy and ergonomic lifestyle is essential to prevent discomfort and injuries related to poor ergonomics. Consider the following tips to improve your well-being:

  1. Eye Care: Every 20 minutes, look at something 20 feet away for at least 20 seconds to give your eyes a break from screens.
  2. Exercise Routine: Incorporate regular physical activity into your routine to strengthen muscles and improve flexibility, reducing the risk of musculoskeletal issues.
  3. Hydration: Stay well-hydrated throughout the day to support overall health. Proper hydration helps maintain joint lubrication and reduces the risk of discomfort.
  4. Healthy Diet: Consume a balanced diet rich in nutrients to support your muscles and bones. Proper nutrition contributes to overall well-being and helps prevent fatigue.

Adopt These Ergonomics Basics Practices Now

In conclusion, understanding ergonomics basics is essential for maintaining a healthy and productive lifestyle. Remember, small changes can lead to enormous benefits. So, make these practices a part of your daily life, and enjoy the comfort and productivity that comes with a mindful approach to ergonomics.

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